SPQR A History of Ancient Rome by Mary Beard
|SPQR A History of Ancient Rome by Mary Beard|
|Reviewer: Madeline Wheatley|
|Summary: SPQR is the well known stand-in for the phrase Senatus PopulusQue Romanus, the Senate and the People of Rome. The Roman people are brought vividly to life in this engaging volume. Prominent classicist and media personality, Mary Beard, specializes in unpicking elements of truth from myth in ancient history. In SPQR she painstakingly assembles a balanced view of the civilization that dominated classical antiquity and that still resonates in our lives today. If you only ever read one book on the Romans, make it this one.|
|Buy? Yes||Borrow? Yes|
|Pages: 544||Date: October 2015|
|Publisher: Profile Books|
|External links: Author's website|
How do we know what really happened at any moment in history? At best we make educated guesses based on (often conflicting) evidence. The most striking aspect of Mary Beard's new examination of Roman history is how far she goes to see all sides and all possible explanations of events. For example, were the emperors Nero and Caligula mad or simply the victims of their successors' smear campaign? What's behind all that nonsense about the city of Rome being founded by twin boys suckled by wolves? This is a book that explodes some of the myths and presents alternative answers. Mary Beard analyses the evidence to shed new light on how a small community grew to become an empire. Military force was important, but other threads in the weave (such as social mobility and the effect of extending citizenship to many of the conquered) made the Roman experience unique.
While the main focus of the book is on politics and power struggles, there are also chapters dealing with the lives of ordinary people. The day to day concerns of the have-nots, the women and children in Roman society are harder to examine as they are less well documented. Archaeological finds and other source material are used to extract glimpses of the concerns of those who were not emperors or senators. The Oracles of Astrampsychus, which is described as an off the peg fortune-telling kit, is one such source. It lists questions and answers covering the most likely things that might be asked of a fortune teller. What it reveals is people whose concerns often mirror our own (health, work, relationships and family), while highlighting issues which hopefully do not (have I been poisoned? will I be freed? will I be sold?). Throwaway comments throughout the book reveal the harshness of life for many. As part of a discussion on the legal process Beard notes that in both Ancient Greece and Rome, slaves were allowed to give legal evidence only under torture. While a paragraph on reasons for adoption includes the fact that if anyone just wanted a baby, they could easily find one on a rubbish heap, referring to the common practise of exposing an unwanted child soon after birth.
The time span covered by the book takes Rome from its inauspicious beginnings as a not particularly well favoured settlement through growth to an extensive empire. The broader picture is regularly humanised by honing in on individuals and looking at their life in detail. Augustus, Cicero and Pliny the Younger receive particular attention and help to illustrate key periods in the development from republic to empire. Given the extensive use of source material needed to support the scale of the book some readers may be disappointed at the lack of a full bibliography. There is a detailed chapter by chapter further reading section, but this will not necessarily help anyone wanting to trace a specific quote as not all references are listed. That said, the enthusiasm, knowledge and understanding of the Roman world that enlivens this book make it a treat to read.
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